If you are a victim or a witness of harassment, it can be difficult to know what to do to stop the behavior. This blog provides some practical tips to help you address the situation.
1. What is harassment?
Discrimination that is prohibited by law, such as harassment, is not tolerated. Harassment is defined as any unwelcome physical, verbal, or nonverbal conduct that is based on a protected characteristic and is severe or pervasive enough to create a hostile work or educational environment. Harassment can occur between people of the same or different genders, and between people of different races or religions.
There are several types of harassment that can occur in the workplace or school. The most common type of harassment is sexual harassment, which is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Other types of harassment can include hostile work environment harassment, racial harassment, and religious harassment.
Anyone can be a victim of harassment, regardless of their sex, race, religion, or sexual orientation. If you feel like you are being harassed, it is important to speak up and report the behavior. You can report harassment to your supervisor, teacher, or another trusted adult. It is also important to keep a record of any incidents of harassment, including the date, time, and description of the incident.
2. What are some common types of harassment?
There are many different types of harassment, but some of the most common are sexual harassment, verbal harassment, and physical harassment.
Sexual harassment is when someone makes unwanted sexual advances or asks for sexual favors. This can be very difficult to deal with, especially if the person is in a position of power over you.
Verbal harassment is when someone uses words or phrases to intimidate or bully you. This can be very hurtful and can make you feel unsafe or unwelcome.
Physical harassment is when someone uses physical violence or threats to intimidate or bully you. This can be the most frightening and dangerous form of harassment, and it is important to seek help if this is happening to you.
3. What are the effects of harassment?
The effects of harassment can be significant and long-lasting. Victims can experience emotional and physical effects and may struggle with their work or school performance. Harassment can also lead to depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. Victims may also be at an increased risk for substance abuse.
4. What can victims and witnesses do to stop or prevent harassment?
There are a number of things that victims and witnesses can do to stop or prevent harassment. For example, they can:
speak up and confront the harasser;
seek support from friends, family, or coworkers;
use the company’s anti-harassment policy or grievance procedures;
file a complaint with the government or an appropriate agency; and
contact a lawyer.