Urban development is a state subject. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs assists the States, and Union Territories (UTs) in urban areas through its missions and schemes – Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0), Smart Cities Mission, Swachh Bharat Mission -Urban 2.0 (SBM)-U 2.0), Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U), Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihood Mission (DAY-NULM), PM Street Vendors Self-Reliant Fund (PM SVANidhi) and Urban Transport Schemes.
The Ministry is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme named “Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)” in statutory towns of the country to reduce poverty and vulnerability of urban poor households on a sustainable basis.
The mission, inter alia, enables the urban poor to access opportunities for gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment. Also, financial assistance is provided to individuals/groups/self-help groups (SHGs) of the urban poor to set up gainful self-employment ventures or micro-enterprises.
From 2014-15 to 30 November 2022, more than 13 lakh urban poor have been imparted skill training to enhance their employability, out of which more than 6.78 lakh skill trained have been placed under self and/or wage employment. The loan has been disbursed with the provision of interest subvention to more than 7.8 lakh beneficiaries for self-employment through individual or group micro-enterprises.
Over 7.8 Lakh Self Help Groups have been formed, over 5.36 Lakh SHGs have been assisted with Revolving Fund and 7.17 Lakh loans have been disbursed under the SHG Bank Linkage Program to undertake income enhancing activities Can Street vendor survey has been completed in 3,307 cities and towns, more than 49.93 lakh street vendors have been identified and ID cards have been provided to more than 28.06 lakh street vendors.
Under the scheme, 2,457 shelters for the urban homeless have been sanctioned and 1,788 are operational.
The Ministry is also implementing the PM Street Vendors Atmanirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) scheme with effect from June 01, 2020, to provide micro-credit facilities to street vendors in urban areas to enable them to restart their businesses which are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. were adversely affected during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Under this scheme street vendors can avail of working capital loans up to Rs. 10,000 onwards to Rs.20,000 and loans of Rs. 50,000 in the second and third installments, respectively, on repayment of the first installments. As of 08.12.2022, 38 lakh loans above Rs. 4405 cr. Street vendors across the country have been paid.
Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) was launched on 2.10.2014 and continues till 30.9.2021 with the objective of (i) 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF) status in all States and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) The status was to achieve (ii) 100% scientific processing of all municipal waste in the country and (iii) behavior change through the mass movement in all statutory cities.
The outlay for the mission was Rs 62,009 crore, including the Government of India’s share of Rs. 14,623 crore. The mission achieved significant levels of success against the stated objectives of the mission, with the large-scale engagement of citizens across all categories of society.
Under SBM-U, individual households without access to toilets were identified and Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) of 62,79,304 units were completed against the target of 58,99,637 IHHL units.
In addition, the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) 2.0 mission aims to make cities ‘water safe’ and provide functional water tap connections to all households in all statutory towns across the country.
It also targets universal coverage of sewerage and septage management in 500 AMRUT cities. Both AMRUT and AMRUT 2.0 are reducing the pressure on the urban poor through the provision of basic amenities.
Through the provision of tap connections, the mission is reducing the hardships and reducing the burden of the poor. Better sewerage and septage facilities reduce disease burden, and health risks, and enhance their quality of life.