Philanthropist, businessman, inventor, engineer, and chemist Alfred Bernhard Nobel was Swedish. He is best known for his contributions to science and for having bequeathed his fortune to establish the Nobel Prize.
He held 355 patents in his lifetime. Dynamite, a safer and easier means of harnessing the explosive power of nitroglycerin, was Nobel’s most famous invention; it was patented in 1867.
Nobel was skilled in science and learning from a young age, especially in chemistry and languages; he could speak six languages fluently and filed his first patent at 24. Most notably, he embarked on many business ventures with his family, owning Bofors, an iron and steel producer that he developed into a major manufacturer of cannons and other armaments.
Nobel was inspired to donate his fortune to the Nobel Prize institution, which would recognize those who “conferred the greatest benefit to humankind” annually.
The synthetic element nobelium was named after Alfred Nobel, and his name and legacy also survives in companies such as Dynamit Nobel and AkzoNobel, which descend from mergers with companies he founded. Pursuant to his will, Nobel was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which would be responsible for choosing the Nobel laureates in physics and in chemistry.
Some FAQs about Alfred Nobel:-
1. When was Alfred Nobel born?
Alfred Nobel was born on 21 October 1833.
2. What is the full name of Alfred Nobel?
The full name of Alfred Nobel is Alfred Bernhard Nobel.
3. Who is the inventor of Dynamite?
The inventor of Dynamite is Alfred Bernhard Nobel.
4. Who is the benefactor of the Noble Prize?
The benefactor of the Noble Prize is Alfred Nobel.
5. Who was Alfred Nobel?
Alfred Nobel was an inventor, entrepreneur, scientist, businessman, poet, and playwright. The Nobel Prize was established by Alfred Nobel in 1895 through his last will and testament, which reflects his varied interests.
6. What are the categories for the Nobel Prize?
The five Nobel Prize categories are physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace.
7. In which country are the Nobel Prizes awarded?
The Nobel Prizes are awarded in Norway every year apart from the peace prize.
8. Nobel Peace Prize is given in which country?
Nobel Peace Prize is given every year in Sweden.
9. Why are Noble Prizes called Nobel Prize laureates?
The laurel wreath is a symbol of distinction and honor, and the word “laureate” refers to someone who has been awarded this distinction. Laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honor in ancient Greece. We get “Nobel Prize laureate” when we put that together with the Nobel Prize.
10. When did Alfred Nobel die?
Alfred Nobel died on 10 December 1896 (aged 63) in Sanremo, Liguria, Italy.
11. when were the first Nobel prizes awarded?
The first Nobel prizes were awarded in 1901.