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How to become a judge in India – Qualifications, Salary, Job Profile, Career


In today’s world, you can’t be certain what your job will be like 12 months from now, but as a “career” you need to have a few skills in order to take your career anywhere. If you’re trying to become a judge in India – don’t worry, this article will walk you through the basic qualifications and job profile of being a judge!

1) Minimum Qualification: LLB/LLM Degree
2 ) Experience: 5 years experience as an advocate
3) Starting Salary: 56100+DA+other benefits

What is a Judge in India?

A Judge in India is a lawyer that has been trained and certified as an expert in field of law. They have to pass the Bar exam to become certified and then passed their state’s judicial council to be able to practice. Pursuing this career requires extensive training in profession, law, and ethics, as well as three years of experience.

Judges in India by Profession

After the Indian Judiciary Act of 1983, judges are appointed through a process managed by the High Courts. The Judges appointed through these processes are put under the jurisdiction of the Union of India and the State Governments.
The qualifications for becoming a judge in India varies from one state to another. However, most states require candidates to have an LLB degree, a law diploma or at least 2 years of experience as a practicing lawyer.

Judges in India are paid Rs. 56100 per month plus allowances and have many other benefits such as medical care, pension, travel allowance etc.
In order to become a judge in India, one needs to pass the entrance exam administered by their respective high court that is based on different sections like knowledge

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Judges in India by Education

The applicant should be a citizen of India. Must have an LLB/LLM degree from recognized university. Applicants should have been an advocate of a High Court for 10 years. Apart from these, a person is also eligible if the applicant is an exceptional jurist according to the president.

Judges in India are classified into two groups – judicial officers and judicial commissioners. Judicial officers can be appointed to the Supreme Court of India, High Courts, or Subordinate Courts. Judicial Commissioners can be appointed to High Courts, but not Supreme Court. Judges have a mandatory retirement age of 65 years as well as an honorary retirement age of 70 years. Salaries for judges vary based on qualifications and experience.

Judges Salary and Job Profile

Starting grade pay is Rs 56,100+DA and other benefits Judges in India are appointed by the Central and State Governments. They work for three-year terms, and their salary is determined by their educational qualification and experience. Judges are responsible for maintaining peace and order in courts. They also have the power to punish a litigant who does not follow court proceedings or law. Judges in India are usually paid a salary and earn an honorarium for delivering verdicts. They work on a freelancing basis and often have to travel long distances to hear cases, which may be compensated by the fee. Judges in India are appointed by the state government and they typically come from the legal profession or judiciary.

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Career Options for Judicial Practice

There is a wide variety of careers for those who want to become a Judge in India. Judges play a key role in the governance of India. Judicial professionals can be appointed as judges, prosecutors, investigation officers or legal assistants. Judicial professionals are required to meet qualifications set by the Constitution and other enactments. They are also paid in accordance with the principles set out in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India.

How to apply for Judicial Practice

If you want to work as a judge in India, you must first apply for judicial practice. You must have an impeccable record, have completed your graduation from a university or have passed the final examination of the law college. Then you must send a written application along with proof of your education and experience in the field of law.

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