One or both lungs may become infected with bacteria, viruses, or fungi, causing pneumonia. Pus and other liquids fill the air sacs in this serious infection. November 12th has been designated as World Pneumonia Awareness Day.
1. What is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be serious and life-threatening. It usually occurs after a cold or the flu, when the lungs are already weakened. Pneumonia can make it hard to breathe and can cause coughing, chest pain, and fever. Early diagnosis and treatment are important, as pneumonia can progress quickly and become very dangerous. There are many different types of pneumonia, and the best way to prevent it is to get a flu shot every year.
2. The deadly reality of pneumonia
Bacteria and viruses that cause pneumonia can be deadly. The pneumonia bacteria can cause severe respiratory problems, including difficulty breathing, chest pain, and fever. The viruses that cause pneumonia can also be deadly. They can cause severe respiratory problems and can also lead to death. It is important to get prompt treatment for pneumonia to reduce the risk of death.
3. How to recognize the symptoms of pneumonia
A. Symptoms of pneumonia can vary, but general signs include coughing, chest pain, rapid breathing, and fever.
B. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of different organisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
C. Pneumonia is diagnosed through a combination of symptoms, physical examination, and chest X-ray.
D. Treatment for pneumonia depends on the cause of the infection, but typically includes antibiotics, rest, and fluids.
E. Pneumonia can be a serious illness, so it is important to seek medical attention if you think you may have the infection.
F. They may feel breathlessness
G. They may have a cough with yellowish or green-colored sputum.
H. Most patients with pneumonia usually have a high fever, sometimes with chills and rigor.
4. Treatment of pneumonia
If you have mild pneumonia, you can usually treat it at home by resting, drinking plenty of fluids, and (if it’s likely caused by a bacterial infection) taking antibiotics. Hospital treatment may be needed for more severe cases.
5. How to prevent pneumonia
A. Get vaccinated against pneumococcal pneumonia.
B. Wash your hands often and keep your immune system strong.
C. Avoid people who are sick.
D. Drink plenty of fluids and get enough rest.
E. If you are coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose.
F. Use a humidifier to keep your air moist.
G. Quit smoking.