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Mahaparinirvana Day: Honoring the Legacy of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

Estimated reading time: 4 minutes

Mahaparinirvana Day, celebrated on the 6th of December, holds profound significance for millions across India and beyond. This day commemorates the passing of the visionary leader, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, who played a pivotal role in shaping the social and political landscape of the country. In this article, we delve into the historical context, rituals, and cultural impact of Mahaparinirvana Day, shedding light on the enduring legacy of Dr. Ambedkar.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s Journey

Before exploring the significance of Mahaparinirvana Day, it’s essential to understand the life and contributions of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. A prominent figure in Indian history, Dr. Ambedkar was not only a jurist and social reformer but also a Buddhist guru. His transformative journey led him to embrace Buddhism on the 14th of October 1956, along with millions of followers.

Mahaparinirvana: A Buddhist Tribute

The term ‘Mahaparinirvana’ holds special meaning in Buddhism, symbolizing the final nirvana or enlightenment attained at the end of one’s earthly existence. Dr. Ambedkar’s adoption of Buddhism and the use of this term for his death anniversary underscores his spiritual journey and legacy.

Pilgrimage to Chaityabhoomi

Every year, starting from the 1st of December, devotees from all corners of India embark on a pilgrimage to Chaityabhoomi, the mausoleum of Dr. Ambedkar in Mumbai. This pilgrimage culminates on Mahaparinirvana Day, drawing over 25 lakh devotees who gather to pay homage to Babasaheb. The atmosphere is imbued with reverence as individuals take darshan of Dr. Ambedkar’s effigy and ossuary placed in the Chaityabhumi Stupa.

Global Commemoration

Mahaparinirvana Day transcends geographical boundaries, with Ambedkar supporters worldwide honoring his memory. Images and statues of Dr. Ambedkar are displayed in various places, including Buddhist viharas, homes, public spaces, schools, colleges, and government offices. This global commemoration underscores the enduring impact of Dr. Ambedkar’s teachings on social justice and equality.

Political Acknowledgment

On Mahaparinirvana Day, political leaders join the homage-paying ritual, offering obeisance to Babasaheb Ambedkar memorials in public spaces. This political acknowledgment reflects the enduring influence of Dr. Ambedkar’s ideas on governance, democracy, and the pursuit of justice.

Evolution of Mahaparinirvana Day

Originally observed as a public holiday in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, Mahaparinirvana Day has evolved over the years. On the 64th Mahaparinirvana Day, Dr. Ambedkar’s followers were urged to salute him, leading to a surge in letters sent to Chaityabhoomi in multiple languages. This not only honored Babasaheb but also provided financial strength to the postal department.

Historical Context

The historical backdrop of Mahaparinirvana Day is rooted in the events of December 6, 1956, when Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar passed away at his residence in Delhi. His cremation in Buddhist style on the 7th of December at Shivaji Park marked the beginning of the tradition that has grown into an annual pilgrimage for millions.

Chaityabhoomi: A Symbol of Inspiration

The Chaityabhoomi memorial erected over Dr. Ambedkar’s sacred remains has become a symbol of inspiration for his followers and thinkers, both in India and abroad. Managed with diligence by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation and Ambedkarist volunteers, Chaityabhoomi witnesses an increasing crowd of devotees each year, reaching a staggering 25 lakh.

Activism and Coordination

Since 2002, activists of the Ambedkari movement have played a crucial role in organizing Mahaparinirvana Day. The establishment of the Babasaheb Ambedkar Mahaparinirvana Day Coordinating Committee showcases a concerted effort to provide services and facilities to followers. In 2017, the 61st Mahaparinirvana Day introduced a silent tribute for 15 minutes, coupled with Buddha Vandana, exemplifying disciplined auspiciousness towards human society.


Mahaparinirvana Day stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. The annual pilgrimage to Chaityabhoomi, the global commemoration, and the political acknowledgment underscores the profound impact of his teachings on social justice and equality. As we reflect on Mahaparinirvana Day, we honor not just a historical figure but a visionary whose ideas continue to shape the fabric of our society.

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