Do you know the difference between the patella and the kneecap? Do you know how many bones are in your hand? Do you know that your arm has only one bone, but your leg has 33? Take a look at these fun facts about bones, and learn more about them than you ever have before.
What are Bones Made Of?
Bones are composed of different materials such as calcium, oxygen, and phosphate. Bone mass is mostly made up of some type of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals that are layered together like the strata in a rock formation. Bones are composed of three types of materials: Proteins, water, and minerals. Every bone is made up of multiple chambers called “ossicles” which house these materials. Once the bones are formed, they ossicles are constantly remodeling themselves throughout life.
Bones are strong enough to withstand a lot of pressure and can even be used as a weapon. Bones contain 70% water, 10% minerals and 3% of organic material. The average adult has 206 bones, but this number can vary significantly depending on factors like age, sex, height and how much time a person spends in the sun.
Bone tissue is constantly being broken down and rebuilt, making bones dynamic. The most important variation in the human body is the shape of the skull. Bones are an incredible example of the tremendous variation that nature can create. They come in all shapes and sizes, from tiny to enormous. Not only do they vary by shape and size, but also in what they’re made of.
What Bones Do in the Body?
Bones are important! They protect our organs and connect the different parts of our bodies. They also provide support for the body to stay healthy. In a human, there are 206 bones in total, but each bone has smaller bones connected to it called “ossicles.” Bones are made from calcium phosphate. Bones are made of calcium, which is similar to chalk. They are the hardest natural substance on Earth and will not dissolve in water because they have a hard surface. Bones also absorb nutrients, help regulate body temperature, and help keep organs in place by providing support at the diaphragm.
Prevalence of Diseases and Conditions
Bones are a lot like the foundation of a house. We have 206 bones in our body, but we don’t want to build on fragile bones that crumble easily or ones that can’t keep up with the rigors of life. Bones are stronger than you think and if you’re healthy, it’s likely that your skeleton is made of about 95% bone.
Dietary Tips for Healthy Bones
A diet high in calcium and vitamin D can be great for your bones. When bones are healthy, they’re harder and stronger. There are a lot of good foods to get these nutrients, including kale, broccoli, oranges, and salmon. Bones are not just there to support your spine, they also help protect many other vital organs. The best thing you can do for your bones is to eat a diet rich in calcium, vitamin D and K. This will help build strong bones and prevent osteoporosis. You should also make sure that you drink plenty of fluids.
All throughout our lives, we continuously break down bones in our body. We eat, drink and breathe them in every single day. Bones are the hardest material on Earth, but the truth is that they are just the right size and shape to make up our bodies.