The most famous monuments in the world that were created by humans.
The following are the Top 10 famous landmarks in the world. Because of their location or special architecture, these man-made landmarks and monuments are so well known and famous attractions that would be great to visit with your family.
We choose the following landmarks as they are located on six of the seven continents: Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America and Oceania/Australia. Major tourist attractions, these world-famous landmarks attract millions of visitors each year.
1. Eiffel Tower in France
In the city centre of Paris stands this metal tower with three floors. It was built in 1889 World Fair (Universal Expo) to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. Auguste Eiffel and a team of engineers constructed the 324metres/1062ft high Eiffel Tower.
If you would like to take the steps up to the tower viewing platform, there are 704 steps to climb, but luckily there are also lifts in each leg up to the second floor.
More than 7 million visitors were welcomed on the tower’s top platform in 2016, 250 million people have visited the tower since it opened!
2 – Great Wall of China
One of the seven wonders of the world is The Great Wall. It spans a very long distance across China. The wall is also referred to as the ‘Long Wall’ because it is over 21,196 km/13,171 miles long.
It took more than 2,000 years to build the wall, which was completed in 1644. More than 20,000 watchtowers were built along the wall to protect the country against invasions from nomads and enemies and to make it easier to collect duty for goods that were transported along the Silk Road. More than 10 million visitors per year make the wall the most popular tourist attraction in China today. Despite popular belief, the Great Wall cannot be seen from the moon!
The Great Wall of China is one among the foremost known landmarks within the world. it’s an emblem of the facility and strength of the Chinese folks. the good Wall was engineered to shield the Chinese folks from invaders. it’s the longest inclose the globe. it’s over 6000 miles long.
3. Kremlin in Russia
In Russia’s capital city Moscow, the Grand Kremlin Palace is part of the Kremlin complex and is located next to the Red Square and St Basil’s Cathedral. The Kremlin, a fortress with enclosing walls, is built along the Moskva River. The meaning of the word “Kremlin” is “fortress within a city.” The Kremlin, which is more than 500 years old, includes the wall with its 20 towers, four churches, and five palaces within the walls.
The Kremlin is a symbol of Russia, its history, and its culture. It is also a symbol of the Russian people’s resilience and strength. The Kremlin is a magnificent architecture which has been a witness to many momentous events in Russian history. It is a place where the Russian tsars and presidents have lived and worked. The Kremlin is also a place of great beauty, with its golden domes and splendid palaces.
4 – Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy
One of Italy’s major tourist attractions is the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Construction on the freestanding bell tower of the Pisa Cathedral spanned almost two centuries, with completion in 1399. The original height of the tower was 60 meters/196ft, but it is now leaning, so the lowest side is less than 56 meters/184ft. Many problems already arose from the construction as the soil was soft, sandy, and unstable. In 2000, the tower’s foundation was strengthened by putting stronger soil underneath the tower. Walking up the 251 stairs to the viewing platform at the top of the tower is quite an amazing experience. You should take a picture of yourself next to the tower while you’re on the lawn.
5 – Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt
One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid of Giza near Cairo, is the only one of these ancient world wonders which still exists. Near Cairo, the capital of Egypt, the pyramids are made of stone and bricks. The Egyptian pyramids were built during a time when there was only manual labor and no machine lifting equipment available. The pharaohs who ruled in ancient Egypt had their bodies entombed in pyramids. Near the Giza pyramids is the Sphinx, the well-known monument of a lion with a pharaoh’s head.
6 – Sydney Opera House in Australia
Famous for its roof’s architecture resembling shells or sails, the Sydney Opera House was built in Australia’s biggest city. Jørn Utzon from Denmark designed the opera house between 1959 and 1973. More than 1 million roof tiles cover the roof. They were manufactured in Sweden. The opera house has several performance halls, theatres, and exhibition spaces. More than forty shows are staged here each week. More than eight million visitors visit this Australian landmark every year! A colourful spectacle lights up the roof every evening.
7. Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is 305 ft/ 92 meters high and is made of an iron structure with copper skin. The statue of Lady Liberty, often referred to as Lady Liberty, was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and the massive iron skeleton of the lady was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, who also designed the Eiffel Tower.
The statue was built in France and completed in 1884. 350 pieces of the monument were packed into 214 crates and shipped to New York. The people of France gifted the Statue of Liberty to the American people on the American Centennial in 1886.
The torch’s flame is covered with 24k gold and the crown has seven rays to represent the seven continents. The monument on Liberty Island in the Hudson River faces New York City. If you’re feeling ambitious, you can climb the 154 steps from the pedestal to the head of the statue, where you’ll be rewarded with amazing views of the cityscape—aka the “Big Apple.”
8. The Taj Mahal
In northern India, the Taj Mahal, which means ‘crown of palaces’ in the Persian language, stands on the riverbanks of the Yamuna River in Agra. Shah Jahan, the emperor, instructed to build a tomb for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, in 1632. The Taj Mahal contains the tomb of the wife, a mosque, and a guesthouse.
The Taj Mahal was built with white marble and the finest material sourced from all over Asia. It is styled with precious and semi-precious stones. Many walls depict lines from the Quran. The main dome of the Taj Mahal is 115 feet.
The hight and the minarets are both 40 m/ 130 ft. Taller. More than 20,000 workers and over 1,000 elephants were used to help with the transport of the heavy material during the construction of the monument. More than 8 million visitors are attracted to the mausoleum every year.
9. Moai on Easter Island/Chile
Huge statues called Moai can be found on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui. Easter Island, commonly called Easter Island, belongs to Chile. In the middle of the Pacific Ocean, the Easter Island is more than 2,200 miles away from Chile. Between 1250 and 1500, the islanders created more than 900 carved stone figures. Most of the stone figures with the oversized heads were built with tuff stone, which is a type of stone made from compressed volcanic ash. On average, the figures weigh 14 tons, which is the same as two elephants! There are some smaller ones and some much bigger ones too, however the size of the statues varies. The heaviest stone figure weighs eighty two tons and is ten metres /33ft long!
They are approximately 4 metres (13 feet) tall. The huge stone statues represent the islanders’ ancestors, according to most of them. More than 900 monumental statues and 300 ceremonial platforms are sacred to the Rapa Nui people.
10. Machu Picchu in Peru
A famous site in Peru, Machu Picchu, means ‘Old Mountain’ in the local Quechua language. It is commonly referred to as ‘The Lost City of the Incas’. The ruins of the Lost City are located in the mountains at more than twenty four hundred metres/eight thousand feet above sea level. There are more than 200 different buildings and structures on this ruin site. The ruins were never discovered by the European conquistadors but only became known in 1911 when an American archeologist was led there by locals. Some people believe that Machu Picchu was built as a sacred site, while others think it once was the summer retreat of an Inca emperor. More than 1,000 people probably lived there during the 14th century when it was built. Over 600 terraces and a well laid-out drainage system were built around the city to prevent the site from sliding down the slope during rainy season. The city is a great example of Inca engineering, as the structures and buildings were also built without using wheels!