On the 24th of January, Nitin Gadkari extends humble greetings to the father of India’s nuclear program, the great scientist Padma Bhushan Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha on his commemoration day.
Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha was a renowned Indian nuclear physicist and the father of India’s nuclear program. He is widely considered one of the most brilliant scientists of the 20th century and his contributions to the fields of nuclear science and technology have had a profound impact on India and the world.
Born in 1909 in Bombay, Bhabha completed his undergraduate education at Elphinstone College before studying at Cambridge University in England. He received his Ph.D. in nuclear physics in 1935 and returned to India to take up a position as a professor at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.
In the 1940s, Bhabha began to focus on the development of nuclear science and technology in India. He recognized the potential of nuclear energy as a source of power and saw the need for India to become self-sufficient in this field.
He established the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in 1945 and the Atomic Energy Establishment in Trombay in 1948. These institutions became the cornerstone of India’s nuclear program and have produced many of the country’s leading scientists and engineers.
Bhabha was instrumental in the establishment of the Indian Atomic Energy Commission in 1948 and served as its first Chairman. Under his leadership, India made significant strides in the fields of nuclear science and technology. He played a key role in the development of India’s first nuclear research reactor, the Apsara, which went critical in 1956.
In addition to his work in nuclear science and technology, Bhabha also made significant contributions to the fields of cosmic rays and the study of high-energy particles. He proposed the Bhabha scattering theory, which explains the behavior of subatomic particles and is still used today in the study of high-energy physics.
Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha passed away in 1966 in a plane crash. But his legacy lives on through the many institutions and scientists he inspired.
His contributions to India’s nuclear program helped establish the country as a major player in the field of nuclear science and technology. He is remembered as a visionary who played a critical role in shaping India’s scientific and technological landscape.