Shri Bhupender Yadav, the Union Minister for Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, delivered India’s National Statement at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Montreal, Canada. “Shri Yadav said,” delivering the statement.
“Respected President, Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen
Biodiversity is one of many global challenges that can be effectively addressed through credible action. Despite having only 2.4 percent of the land area and 4 percent of its water resources, India, with 17 percent of the global population, is forging ahead in its efforts.
The forest and tree cover is steadily rising, as is our wildlife population. The return of the iconic cheetah to Indian habitats is being facilitated by definite steps.
The current figure of seventy-five is a quantum jump from the previous number of declared Ramsar sites in India. Our forest policy is challenging to implement but our Forest surveys are testimony to its success as a large developing country.
India is on track to meet its commitments and has a proactive and forward-looking balance sheet in implementing the Aichi targets.
Our agriculture, as with other developing countries, is a source of life, livelihood, and culture for hundreds of millions. Subsidies cannot be called essential support and be targeted for elimination while they may be rationalized.
Positive investment is necessary to promote biodiversity. A numerical global target for pesticide reduction is unnecessary and countries must be left to decide.
Framing the Global Biodiversity Framework in the light of science and equity, and the sovereign right of nations over their resources, as provided for in the Convention on Biodiversity, is essential.
The principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities must apply to biodiversity if the climate is profoundly linked to biodiversity.
Nature-based solutions to global warming and other environmental challenges cannot effectively address the issue without resolute action by developed countries to measure up to their historical and current responsibilities.
If nature is not protected, it cannot protect itself. Global warming victimizes nature by causing an unchecked temperature rise, which nature’s protective features cannot adequately defend against.
Our ambition must be matched by the provision of the means of implementation. The MDGs had 8 goals, the SDGs have 17 goals, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets were 20 and the Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) may have as many as 23 targets.
These increased expectations can only be met with increased and improved public finance. The only source of funding that remains is the Global Environment Facility which caters to multiple Conventions.
Biodiversity also has an economic value to humankind alongside its cultural and social value. Sustainable use, access, and benefit sharing are key to promoting biodiversity, alongside the efforts to conserve, protect, and restore.
especially information technology, In other words, the people who create and own the digital sequencing information should get a fair share of the benefits that come from it.
We hope for prosperous discussions that will protect and improve the natural inheritance that our forefathers and customs have given us. Our duty is to protect the rich biodiversity of the Earth and hand it down to future generations.
What we need today is mindful and deliberate utilization instead of mindless and destructive consumption. Shri Narendra Modi has launched the Mission LiFE in order to promote an environmentally conscious lifestyle.
We can move towards an equitable and sustainable world by implementing the foundational principles of the CBD, both in letter and spirit.
This is the spirit that has been captured so truly in the logo of India’s G20 Presidency, which calls for One World, One Family, or ॥वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम्॥॥